Goreme

Goreme

Ziningi izindawo ongazibona futhi uzihlole eTurkey. I-Cappadocia Goreme, ehlaba umxhwele labo abayibona ngobuhle bayo bemvelo nokuthungwa komlando, ingenye yazo. Isizathu esenza izivakashi zakuleli nezakwamanye amazwe zithakasele iKapadosiya akuwona nje oshimula bezinganekwane kuphela, kodwa futhi neGöreme, ethembisa uhambo olungasoze lwalibaleka. Leli dolobha eliyimfihlakalo linikeza izivakashi zalo amadolobha angaphansi komhlaba, amasonto asemadwaleni, izigodi ezinkulu, izinkambo zebhaluni zothando neminye imisebenzi eminingi. Ihlaba umxhwele izivakashi zayo ngokubukeka kwayo kwendabuko, izitsha zendawo, imvelo ecebile kanye nabantu ababekezelayo. Uma ufuna ukwazi amakhona epharadesi eTurkey, ungaqala uhambo lwakho lokuqala e-Nevşehir Göreme. Siyiphendule yonke imibuzo ongase ube nayo nge-Göreme esihlokweni sethu ukuze sikuqondise ohambweni lwakho.

Ulwazi Mayelana neGoreme

IGöreme, enye yezindawo zokuhlala ezindala kakhulu eKapadosiya, ingamakhilomitha ayi-5 ukusuka e-Ürgüp namakhilomitha ayi-12 ukusuka eNevşehir. Igama laleli dolobha lasendulo elinomlingo lalaziwa ngokuthi "iKorama" emakhulwini eminyaka adlule. Ngaphezu kwalokho, i-geography, eyaziwa ngamagama amaningi ahlukene njenge-Maccan ne-Avcılar, ithathe igama layo lamanje ngokuhamba kwesikhathi. I-Göreme inokwakheka okuthambile kunezinye izifunda eKaphadosiya. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, njengoba isendaweni ephakeme, ukuguguleka namagagasi omoya okwenzeka lapha kuye kwadalula imizimba yoshimula bezinganekwane nokunye ukwakheka okwengeziwe. I-Göreme, umlando wayo usuka eNkathini Yase-Paleolithic, iyisifunda esabona ukuhlasela kwe-Sassanid, Arab and Byzantine. Indawo lapho amaKristu azinza khona okokuqala yaba izwe lamaTurkey namaSulumane kamuva.

eKhaphadosiya

Izindawo zokuhlala e- Goreme

1. Goreme National Park

Kubhekiselwa endaweni enkulu kakhulu. Ihlanganisa izindawo zokuhlala ze-Göreme Open Air, Ürgüp, Uçhisar, Zelve, Avcılar kanye ne-Çavuşin. Singaqala ngeGöreme Open Air Museum, okuyikheli lokuqala lohambo lwethu.
  • I-Goreme Open Air Museum

I-Göreme Open Air Museum, equkethe izikhumbuzo eziningi zomlando nezemvelo, ikwazile ukungena ohlwini lwamagugu omhlaba lwe-UNESCO ngo-1985. Ukuthungwa kwendabuko kweKaphadosiya kuyagqama futhi izakhiwo zaseByzantium nazo zivusa isithakazelo. Uzohlangana namasonto, ama-chapel kanye nama-monasteries kaningi ngesikhathi sokuvakasha. Kuhlelo lwezindela, olwaqala ngoSaint Basil, umbhishobhi waseKayseri, ngekhulu le-4, imfundo yezenkolo neyengqondo yanikezwa. I-St. Basil's Monastery ihlukile kwezinye kulokhu. Phakathi nohambo lwakho, uzovakashela i-Girls and Boys Monastery, Elmalı Church, St. Barbara Chapel, Yılanlı Church, St. Catherine's Chapel, Çarıklı Church, Dark Church, St. Catherine's Chapel, Tokalı Church. Lezi izindawo eziyimilingo futhi zikunikeza ithuba lokuhamba ngesikhathi. Sincoma ukuthi uqale ukuvakasha kwakho ngokunaka izikhathi zokuvula nezokuvala zezinye zezindawo ozozivakashela lapha. Kukhona nezindawo ezinemali yokungena.

2. Izigodi zaseGoreme

Ingabe usukulungele ukuthinta iminonjana enothuli yesikhathi esidlule? Enye yezindawo ezijabulisa kakhulu zaseGöreme izigodi. Izigodi zikunikeza ithuba lokwazi indawo yaseKhaphadosiya. Kodwa akugcini kulokhu. Uzothola nethuba lokwenza imisebenzi ejabulisayo efana neHorse Tours kanye neJeep Safari Tours ezigodini. Udlula ezivinini, amajikijolo, izihlahla zamabhilikosi nezimbali eziqhakazayo ezimibalabala. Khona-ke ungakwazi ukuphumula ezindaweni lapho uzophuza khona itiye lakho. Ungafunda ngezigodi hhayi eGöreme kuphela kodwa nakuso sonke isifunda saseKhaphadosiya esihlokweni sethu esinesihloko esithi 'Izigodi ZaseKapadosiya'.

  • I-Pigeon Valley

Ingesinye sezigodi ezidume kakhulu eKhaphadosiya. Yaqanjwa ngokuthi amajuba angasuki esigodini. Esigodini sase-Güvercinlik, lapho ungathatha khona uhambo lokuhamba ngezinyawo nolokuhamba ngebhayisikili, indawo enhle ibekwe ngaphansi kwezinyawo zakho. Njengoba inesihloko sesigodi eside kunazo zonke esifundeni, iGüvercinlik Valley iqukethe umfudlana kanye nempophoma. Kukhona futhi amasonto amaningi, izindlu zezindela kanye nama-chapels esigodini. Isihlahla esidumile esithi 'Nazar Beaded Tree' sitholakala nasePigeon Valley. Ungajabulela ukudla kwakho kwasekuseni lapha futhi uthathe izithombe eziningi.

  • Zemi Valley

I-Zemi valley, okungesinye sezigodi lapho ongahamba khona ngokukhululeka, iyindawo ethambile emagebhugebhu. Uzohlangana nezinhlobo ezahlukene zezinyoni phakathi nohambo lwakho. Futhi iyisifunda esinohlaza olucebile. Ukuhamba kwakho esigodini, esingamamitha angu-5600 ubude, kuqedwa cishe emahoreni ama-2. Ngalolu hambo, uzothola ithuba lokuvakashela i-Cistern Church, i-Görkündere, i-El Nazar Church kanye ne-Saklı Church. I-Hidden Church iwumsebenzi omangalisayo wesifunda. Isonto lakhiwa ngekhulu le-11 endaweni ewumqansa weZemi Valley. Isonto lathola leli gama ngoba latholwa sekwephuzile kakhulu. Ngaphezu kwalokho, isonto livusa isithakazelo ngezithombe nezindaba ezisematsheni alo. Ezinye zalezi zindaba singabala njengokuzalwa kukaJesu, ukubethelwa kukaJesu esiphambanweni kanye nokufa kukaMariya. Amathuna aseRoma, ozowabona ekugcineni eZemi Valley, ahlaba umxhwele labo abawabona ngobuhle bawo bomlando.

Goreme

  • Pasabag Abapristi Valley

Ngokusho kwamahemuhemu, izindela nabapristi babevame ukuza lapha ukuze babaleke emhlabeni baye ngasese. Lapho uvakashela eSigodini Sabapristi sasePasabag, esamukelwa njengendawo yokukhulekela, uyoba nomuzwa wokuthi isici saso esingokomoya siyinhloko. Kukhona amasonto enziwe ngezandla, amasonto kanye nezindela emadwaleni esifundeni. Izigayo zamatshe nemigudu nakho kudonsela ukunaka. Umsebenzi othakazelisa kakhulu walesi sigodi ngoshimula bezinganekwane abadumile be-Three Hats of Kapadosiya. Oshimula bezinganekwane, abahlaba umxhwele ngokuphakama kwabo esigodini, bahlaba umxhwele izivakashi. Uvame ukuhlangana nezihlahla zikamalibhele ePasabag Valley. Esinye isici esiphawulekayo salesi sigodi imisebenzi yokufuywa kwezinyosi eyenziwa lapha.

  • Gulludere Valley

Itholakala endaweni ephakathi kwe-Göreme Çavuşin, isigodi singu-4 km ubude. Yamukela izivakashi zayo ngezinyawo kuphela, lesi sigodi sithakazelisa idili elibukwayo elihlinzekwa ngoshimula bezinganekwane. Lesi sigodi siqanjwe ngombala obomvana o-rose-pink oshiywa imisebe yelanga emadwaleni. Kungenzeka ukuthwebula amafreyimu esithombe ahlukile e-Güllüdere Valley, ethembisa ukubuka okuhle kakhulu. Indawo egqame kakhulu kulesi sigodi, esinamasonto amaningi, yiYovakim Anna Church. Kunamafresco eNcasakazi uMariya angavamile kakhulu ezindongeni zesonto. Enye indawo okufanele uyivakashele yiChurch of the Three Crosses. Lesi sigodi futhi siyikhaya lamajuba amaningi.

  • Love Valley

Indawo ethandwa kakhulu eKhaphadosiya yiLove Valley. Isigodi, esisingatha izinhlangano eziningi zemishado, siyindawo ebaluleke kakhulu lapho kwenziwa isicelo somshado. Kuyindawo eyingqayizivele yokubuka iKhaphadosiya uma ubuka iso lenyoni futhi ubukele amabhaluni entanta esibhakabhakeni. Inikeza umbono ongenakulibaleka ekuphumeni nokushona kwelanga, iLovers Hill ingesinye sezigodi okufanele uzivakashele nakanjani e-Goreme. Akunakwenzeka ukungena ngezimoto kulesi sigodi njengoba sinendawo ewumngcingo nengalingani. Siphinde sincome ukuthi uthenge amateku anethezekile njengoba uzobe uhamba esigodini cishe amahora angu-2-3.

  • Isigodi Sezinkemba

I-Kılıçlar Valley, etholakala eGöreme Open Air Museum, icishe ibe ngu-2.5 km. Yathola igama layo koshimula bezinganekwane abacijile esigodini. Umzila wamanzi odlula koshimula bezinganekwane eSigodini sase-Kılıçlar, esibuye saziwe nge-Büyük Küçük Kılıçlar, udala indawo ethokozisayo. Ukubukeka okungaqondakali koshimula bezinganekwane kuhlaba umxhwele izivakashi. Ngokusho kwamahemuhemu, amaqhawe amaningi nabefundisi bahlala kulesi sigodi futhi baqhubeka nokuphila kwabo. Ngenxa yalesi sizathu, miningi imikhondo yempilo yabantu basendulo esifundeni.

Lesi sigodi sivusa isithakazelo hhayi kuphela ngokubukeka kwaso okungaqondakali nokuthungwa komlando, kodwa futhi nemisebenzi esinikezayo. Yindawo efaneleke kakhulu yeHorse Tour kanye neJeep Safari Tour. Futhi iyindawo ekhethwayo yokuhamba ngezinyawo zemvelo. I-Church of the Virgin Mary Church kanye ne-Kılıçlar e-Kılıçlar Valley yizakhiwo zenkolo okufanele uzibone nakanjani. Ikakhulukazi, izigcawu ezihlukene ezingama-33 ezivela eBhayibhelini ezindongeni zeBandla lase-Kılıçlar zibahlaba umxhwele abalibonayo. Izigodi ozozithola eGöreme zikunikeza ulwazi oluningi, olungokomlando nolwenkolo.

Goreme

3. Amabandla aseGoreme

Amasonto azisa ngezindlela zokuphila, imibono yomhlaba kanye nokuzinikela kwabantu basendulo. Amasonto aseGöreme ayengasetshenziswa nje kuphela njengezindawo zokukhulekela, kodwa futhi njengezindawo ezinikeza izidingo eziningi ezahlukene.

  • Durmus Kadir Church

Ngesakhiwo sayo sezakhiwo, inokubukeka okuhlukile kwamanye amasonto eKhaphadosiya. Leli sonto le-basilica, elakhiwe ngamatshe asikiwe, linezibonelo ezithakazelisa kakhulu ze-rock reliefs. Awekho amafrescoes ngaphakathi esontweni. Kukhona isihlalo sobukhosi sompristi wamatshe phakathi nebandla. Leli sonto elihleliwe elingunxande laliqoshwe emadwaleni elinezimpiko ezi-3 futhi lalihlezi ezinsikeni eziyisi-6. Ngaphakathi kwesonto, elizungezwe izinsika, kunamathuna anobukhulu obuhlukahlukene. I-Durmuş Kadir Church ingenwa nge-chapel yethuna. Isonto, okucatshangwa ukuthi ngekhulu lesi-6 noma lesi-7, laqanjwa ngomnikazi wesivini esikuso.

  • Yusuf Koç Church

Igama lesonto lanikezwa kamuva, njengaseSontweni laseDurmuş Kadir. Isonto lithathe igama lalo kuYusuf Koç, owaphendula le ndawo yaba i-dovecote. Njengoba indawo etholakala kuyo ingeyabantu, sekunesikhathi eside ivaliwe ukuthi ingene emphakathini. Alukho ulwazi oluqondile mayelana nosuku lokwakhiwa kwesonto. Kodwa-ke, njengoba ukwakheka kwayo kufana neBandla laseSaklı, kulinganiselwa ukuthi lakhiwa ngekhulu le-11. Isonto lalihlezi phezu kwamakholomu angu-6 ekwakhiweni kwalo kokuqala. Ngeshwa, lawa makholomu asekhona kuze kube namuhla awakaze agcinwe futhi abhidliziwe. Kucatshangwa ukuthi ubhapathizo kuphela, ukuvuma izono kanye nobizo lwenziwa kuleli bandla, elaliqoshwe ngokuphelele emadwaleni. Iqiniso lokuthi lincane ekwenzeni amasiko aminyene nokuba khona kwemidwebo ewubukhazikhazi ezindongeni zalo liwuqinisekisa lo mbono. Izingelosi uGabriel noMichael eziboniswe ophahleni lwesonto zengeza umoya othakazelisayo esontweni.

  • Bezirhane Church

Isonto, elalisetshenziswa njengemboni kawoyela ye-linseed eKhaphadosiya isikhathi, laqanjwa lapha. Isonto laseBezirhane lakhiwe ngamakholomu amakhulu ayi-6 avusa isitayela samaRoma. Ezi-4 zalezi zikholomu zisekhona kuze kube namuhla. Kucatshangwa ukuthi azikho izithombe eziqoshiwe ezasetshenziswa esontweni lapho lakhiwa okokuqala.

  • Mesevli Church

Isonto liqanjwe ngendawo yalo. Nokho, ngenxa yocwaningo, kwembulwa ukuthi isonto laliyiSonto likaSt. Kuyaziwa ukuthi uSt. Sergios no-St. Bakhos bayachazwa futhi abanye abafel 'ukholo baboniswa ezindongeni zesonto. Ezindongeni zesonto ‘kunomuthi wokuphila’, osenencazelo enkulu nanamuhla. Isonto, ebelisetshenziswa njenge-dovecote iminyaka eminingi, manje selivulekele umphakathi. Isonto line-apse eyodwa kanye ne-nave eyodwa. Isonto, elaliqoshwe ngokuphelele edwaleni, nalo lalisetshenziswa njengendawo yokungcwaba.

  • I-Saint Hieoron Chapel

Yindlu yesonto enikezelwe kuSaint Hieron owafela ukholo. Ngokusho kwendaba, u-Hioran, owazalwa ngekhulu lesi-3, wabulawelwa ukholo ngesikhathi elwa eMalatya nabangane bakhe abangu-30. Ngesikhathi somzabalazo, isandla sakhe siphukile futhi uthatha isandla sakhe asilethe kunina eGöreme. Umama wakhe nguMaccan, owanikeza uGöreme igama lakhe elidala. Ngokusho kwamanye amahemuhemu, u-Saint Hioran ukwazile ukuphunyuka emzabalazweni futhi wafihlwa ezindaweni zokugcina iwayini ezingaphansi komhlaba isikhathi eside. Wagcotshwa ngemva kokufa kwakhe. I-chapel yayihlelwe njengesakhiwo esingunxande kanye ne-apse eyodwa. Iziphambano zokukhulula zidonsela ukunaka endlini yesonto, engenawo amafresco. i-fresco ye-St. Hieron in the Buckled Church; Kunomdwebo omkhulu eSontweni laseDirekli.

  • I-Mirror Church

Eyaziwa nangokuthi i-Fırkatan Church, ingamamitha angama-500 ukusuka eGöreme. Kukhona namakhishi, izindawo zokugcina izimpahla kanye nezindawo zokukhosela esontweni, elinemizila eyimfihlo nemigudu ngaphakathi. Isonto lise-Kılıçlar Valley.

Goreme

4. Agzikarahan Inn

Le ndlu yezihambi, esinde kusukela esikhathini se-Seljuk, ingaphandle kancane kwe-Göreme. Kodwa ingenye yezindawo okufanele uzibone lapho ukhona. Singasho ukuthi le-artifact yekhulu le-13 iyindlu yezihambi enkulu kunazo zonke kuSilk Road. Yaqanjwa ngokuthi i-Agzikarahan ngenxa yokuthi isango lomqhele elihle laqala ukuba mnyama. Imidwebo esemnyango ifakazela ukuthi ingakanani inqubekelaphambili eseyenziwe emsebenzini wamatshe. Ngeshwa, amabhasi okuvakasha awakwazi ukungena esifundeni.

5. Acıgöl

I-Acıgöl ingesinye sezifunda ezikhanga kakhulu zaseNevşehir. Ibanga layo ukuya eGöreme licishe libe ngu-35 km. Isifunda sithatha igama laso ku-Acıgöl, enegama elifanayo nelaso. Isifunda sinikezela ngezinto zobuciko zomlando kusukela esikhathini se-Seljuk nabo bonke ubuhle obuthintwe imvelo kubavakashi baso. Ngenkathi use-Göreme, ungaphinda uhlole leli dolobhana elincane.

6. Idwala lamakhowe

I-Mushroom Rock iyisakhiwo semvelo esithole ukubukeka okuhlukile ngokuguguleka komoya. Uzofakaza ukuthi imvelo iyilolonga kanjani i-geography ezindaweni eziningi zaseKhaphadosiya. I-Mushroom Kaya ingenye yemisebenzi edumile yesifunda saseGülşehir. Uzothola ithuba lokwazi idolobhana elincane, eliqhele ngamakhilomitha angama-28 ukusuka eGöreme.

7. IDolobha Elingaphansi KweDerinkuyu

IKaphadosiya ayigcini nje ngokujabulisa ubuhle bayo basemhlabeni, kodwa futhi ikwazi ukujabulisa izivakashi ingcebo yayo engaphansi komhlaba. Ingabe usukulungele ukugqashula ekhulwini lama-21 futhi uqhubekele kwesinye isici? Leli dolobha elingaphansi komhlaba elinezitezi ezingu-8 linemithombo yamanzi okuphuza engu-52. Ungase uthuthumele kancane njengoba udlula emiseleni emincane lapho umuntu oyedwa engangena khona kulesi sakhiwo esinezitezi ezingu-8. Kodwa uma usuqedile ukuvakasha uzobona ukuthi bekufanele. Ngaphakathi kwedolobha elingaphansi komhlaba, elivulela umhlaba ohlukile esitezi ngasinye, kunezakhiwo ezifana nezindawo zokugcina ukudla, ikhishi, inqolobane, indawo yokukhosela, umgodi, ithuna kanye nemigudu yokukhipha umoya. Kuthiwa iDerinkuyu Underground City, ehlinzeka ngezinkonzo ezahlukene esitezi ngasinye, nayo yayisetshenziswa njengesikole sezithunywa zevangeli nesibhedlela sabagula ngengqondo. Namuhla, amahora okungena kanye nezimali ezikhokhwayo zalo msebenzi, osebenza njengemnyuziyamu, ziyahlukahluka.

8. I-Kozaklı Thermal Springs

Iziphethu ezishisayo, ezitholakala cishe ngamakhilomitha angama-70 ukusuka e-Göreme, zingezinye zezindawo ezivelele esifundeni ngokwezokuvakasha kwezempilo. Yindawo efanelekile kulabo abafuna ukwenza umsebenzi ohlukile.

9. Isifunda sase-Hacı Bektaş

Ekugcineni, sizokhuluma ngesifunda saseHacı Bektaş, esingamakhilomitha angama-57 ukusuka eGöreme. Kukhona iHacı Bektaş Veli Lodge, Complex kanye neHacı Bektaş Veli Tomb esifundeni. Isifunda, esinamadolobhana amaningi ongawavakashela, siyindlela emnandi yokuhamba ezivakashini zaso ngokuma komlando kanye nobuhle bemvelo. Sincoma ukuthi uze e-Göreme futhi uthole zonke izigodi, amasonto namadolobhana, bese uqeda uhambo lwakho ngohambo lwebhaluni olujabulisayo. Indawo yokusuka efanelekile kakhulu yokuvakasha kwebhaluni i-Göreme. Ungafunda isihloko sethu se-Cappadocia Balloon Tour ukuze ube nolwazi oluningiliziwe mayelana nohambo lwebhaluni olugcwele injabulo nezothando. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, amahhashi amahle aseKaphadosiya, Izwe Lamahhashi Amahle, azohambisana nohambo lwakho lwesigodi. Futhi I-ATV TourUngathola futhi .

eKhaphadosiya

Yini Ongayidla e-Goreme?

I-Göreme iyisifunda esicebile kokubili ngokwezindawo ongavakashela kuzo kanye nangokwesiko lokudla. Inikeza ukunambitheka okuningi okuhlukile kusukela ekudleni kwasekuseni kwasendaweni kuya ezinhlobonhlobo ze-kebab. Sinikeze impendulo enemininingwane embuzweni wokuthi yini okufanele uyidle e-Göreme:

  • I-Nevşehir Pan
  • osbar
  • Bulama
  • dalaz
  • I-Quince egcwele
  • I-Agpakla
  • Ama-Meatballs
  • Ubhontshisi Wobumba
  • Amabhilikosi Agcwele
  • I-Testi kebab

Kungenzeka ukuthi uke wezwa amagama amaningi alezi zitsha ezizohlala emlonyeni wakho okokuqala ngqa. Kodwa siyaqiniseka ukuthi ngeke kube okokugcina, uzothanda ngamunye wabo. Ngemva kokuthola ama-flavour endawo ematafuleni endabuko, ungahlobisa idili lakho ngamawayini enziwe ngezandla.

Ungaya kanjani e-Goreme?

IGöreme, ephakathi kwezifunda ezivakashelwe kakhulu, ingamakhilomitha angama-750 ukusuka e-Istanbul, amakhilomitha angama-305 ukusuka e-Ankara, amakhilomitha angama-780 ukusuka e-İzmir, amakhilomitha angama-60 ukusuka eKayseri kanye namakhilomitha ayi-12 ukusuka eNevşehir. Izivakashi ezifika ngendiza kufanele zihlale e-Kayseri Airport noma e-Nevşehir Cappadocia Airport. Ukusuka lapha, ungaya ezindaweni lapho uzohlala khona ngebhasi noma ikhumbi. Ungafika e-Goreme emaminithini angu-35-40 ngebhasi elincane noma isevisi yokudlulisa usuka esikhumulweni sezindiza. Enye indlela ukuqasha imoto. Ziningi izinketho zokuqasha izimoto eKapadosiya. Njengoba kuyisifunda esivakashelwa kakhulu, ezinye izindlela ziphindaphindwe. Ngaphezu kwalokho, uzoba nethuba lokuthuthuka emzileni owufunayo phakathi nohambo lwakho. Amatekisi nawo ayatholakala ezikhumulweni zezindiza ezivakashini. Ukuze ungahlangabezi noma yiziphi izimanga, sincoma ukuthi ubuyekeze izintengo zokuqashwa kwezimoto namatekisi ngaphambi kokuthi uze. Ekugcineni a Tur Uma ukhethe imoto yokuvakasha, unenkontileka yokuhlala Izokuletha endaweni yakho. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, imisebenzi yokudlulisa iphinde ifakwe kusevisi yokuvakasha.

Phawula